Modular and Prefabricated Housing: Literature Scan of Ideas, Innovations, and Considerations to Improve Affordability, Efficiency, and Quality
Modular and prefabricated units are built on an assembly line in a plant and transported to the construction site. Prefab or modular building systems can have advantages over traditional on-site construction:
- Site work can happen at the same time as units are being built in the plant;
- Units can be built when weather does not allow outdoor construction;
- Efficiencies and lean manufacturing principles realized on the assembly line can result in savings;
- Because units are built indoors and closely supervised they can be of higher quality.